La Pesse is a small family resort in the Haut Jura which has 60 kilometers of cross-country ski trails. Rendezvous with Loïc Deforet, dairy cow breeder and winter ski instructor.

Simplicity of the material

– “We need poles, boots and ski. Compared to alpine skiing we have much lower boots, we have the heel always free, we have a binding only at the front of the foot and the boots are flexible for to be able to unroll the foot. On the level of the skis, they are much narrower and also much longer. Under the ski, there is a zone of scales which make it possible not to retreat “.

– “And we don’t need a helmet?”

– “No because the risk of collision is lower than in alpine skiing and then we go slower”.

A fluid and dynamic glide

All you have to do is get on the rails already laid out on the tracks, and move forward with the strength of your legs and arms. The poles, longer than those of alpine skiing, allow you to propel yourself. Everything is then a question of coordination!

It is an activity accessible to all, even for those who have never done alpine skiing. The technique has not changed much since the birth of skiing in the Nordic countries.

The Norwegian goddess Skadi already crossed the mountains on a cross-country ski. Originally, the peoples of the north used skis as a means of locomotion, to move more easily on the snow. It was not until the 19th century that cross-country skiing became a fun leisure activity, practiced in pants or skirts, in northern countries but also in America and Europe. The first major competitions are organized and success is there.

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A sport that is sometimes very physical

It was originally a rather quiet sport, but between the climbs in which you have to push and the descents during which you have to concentrate not to fall, with the rhythm, it can quickly become very intense and make you sweat a lot, explains Loïc.

The practice of cross-country skiing is at the origin of a significant demand for oxygen for the muscles of the lower and upper limbs: the heart must adapt, it increases its size, which gives it more transport power. oxygen through the blood.

The lung capacity of cross-country skiers is high, which allows them to transport oxygen more efficiently but also to eliminate the carbon dioxide produced during exercise in an efficient manner.

Many muscles used

The quadriceps, the adductors, the glutes for the thighs, the twin calf muscles and soleus are involved in the practice of cross-country skiing and ensure movement regardless of the chosen movement.

Cross-country skiing is a complete sport because it also involves the muscles of the lower limb: the deltoid and triceps provide the push of the arms which is directly linked to performance.

The abdominal muscles, the back muscles, the respiratory muscles of the thorax are also involved in the practice of cross-country skiing.

A sport in the heart of nature

There are fewer people on the slopes, which is a very appreciable aspect of this sport. There is a real immersion in nature and silence. For cross-country skiers, it’s more than just a sport, it’s a real breath of fresh air that is good for morale.

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